East Timor

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Portugal abandoned its former colony, with its largely Roman Catholic population, in 1975, when it was occupied by Indonesia and claimed as the province of Timor Timur. The UN did not recognize Indonesian sovereignty over the territory. An independence movement, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN), maintained a guerrilla resistance to the Indonesian government which resulted in large-scale casualties and alleged atrocities. On 24 July 1998 Indonesia announced a withdrawal of troops from East Timor and an amnesty for some political prisoners, although no indication was given of how many of the estimated 12,000 troops and police would pull out. On 5 Aug. 1998 Indonesia and Portugal reached agreement on the outlines of an autonomy plan which would give the Timorese the right to self-government except in foreign affairs and defence.


Democratic Party Parliamentary Election Political Prisoner Indonesian Government Nobel Peace Prize 
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Further Reading

  1. Carey, P. and Bentley, G. C. (eds.) East Timor at the Crossroads: the Forging of a Nation. London, 1995Google Scholar
  2. Kohen, Arnold S., From the Place of the Dead: Bishop Belo and the Struggle for East Timor. Lion, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Nevins, Joseph, A Not-So-Distant Horror: Mass Violence in East Timor. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca (NY), 2005Google Scholar
  4. Rowland, Ian, Timor. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1992Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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