• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The oldest historical site in Austria is at the Gudenus caves in the Kremstal valley, where hunters’ stone implements and bones dating from the Paleolothic Age have been found. The Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture prevailed from around 750–400 BC, covering the area north of the Alps, large parts of Slovakia, the north Balkans and Hungary. This area became renowned for its ceramics, ornamental Hallstatt burial grounds and the development of salt mining.


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Further Reading

  1. Austrian Central Statistical Office. Main publications: Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Republik Österreich. New Series from 1950. Annual.— Statistische Nachrichten. Monthly.—Beiträge zur österreichischen Statistik.—Statistik in Österreich 1918–1938. [Bibliography] 1985.— Veröffentlichungen des Österreichischen Statistischen Zentralamtes 1945–1985. [Bibliography], 1990.—Republik Österreich, 1945–1995.Google Scholar
  2. Bischof, Günter, Pelinka, Anton and Gehler, Michael, (eds.) Austria in the European Union. Transaction Publishers, Somerset, New Jersey, 2002.Google Scholar
  3. Austrian Foreign Policy in Historical Context. Transaction Publishers, Somerset, New Jersey, 2005Google Scholar
  4. Brook-Shepherd, G., The Austrians: a Thousand-Year Odyssey. London, 1997Google Scholar
  5. Bruckmüller, Ernst, Austrian Nation: Cultural Consciousness and Sociopolitical Processes. Ariadne Press, Riverside, California, 2003Google Scholar
  6. Peniston-Bird, C. M., Vienna. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  7. Pick, Hella, Guilty Victim: Austria from the Holocaust to Haider. I. B. Tauris, London, 2000Google Scholar
  8. Steininger, Rolf, Austria in the Twentieth Century. Transaction Publishers, Somerset, New Jersey, 2002Google Scholar
  9. Sully, M. A., A Contemporary History of Austria. London, 1990Google Scholar
  10. Wolfram, H. (ed.) Österreichische Geschichte. 10 vols. Vienna, 1994Google Scholar
  11. National library: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Josefsplatz, 1015 Vienna.Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Offic: Austrian Central Statistical Office, Guglgasse 13, A-1110 Vienna.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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