• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


For much of the 19th century Afghanistan was part of the power struggle between Britain, the dominant power in India, and the Russian empire. While the country achieved independence after the First World War, tribal wars and banditry restricted economic and social development. Stability came in the period of Zàhir Shah who ruled for 40 years. In 1964 he was able to overcome opposition and established parliamentary democracy. In 1973 there was a military coup led by his cousin and brother-in-law, and a former prime minister, Mohammed Daoud, who abolished the 1964 constitution and declared a republic. Zàhir Shah abdicated on 24 Aug. 1973.


Transitional Government Tribal Leader Buddha Statue Assassination Attempt Soviet Troop 
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Further Reading

  1. Arney, G., Afghanistan. London, 1990Google Scholar
  2. Edwards, David B., Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 2002Google Scholar
  3. Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan, A New History. Curzon Press, Richmond, 2001Google Scholar
  4. Goodson, Larry, Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban. University of Washington Press, 2001Google Scholar
  5. Griffiths, John, Afghanistan: A History of Conflict. Andre Deutsch, London, 2001Google Scholar
  6. Hyman, A., Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–1991. 3rd ed. London, 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jones, Schuyler, Afghanistan. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1992Google Scholar
  8. Magnus, Ralph H. and Naby, Eden, Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid. Revised ed. Westview Press, Boulder, 2002Google Scholar
  9. Maley, William, The Afghanistan Wars. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Margolis, Eric, War at the Top of the World: The Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir and Tibet. Routledge, New York, 2001Google Scholar
  11. Montgomery, John Dickey D. and Rondinelli, Dennis A., (eds.) Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  12. Nojumi, Neamatollah, The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2001Google Scholar
  13. Roy, O., Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan. 2nd ed CUP, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rubin, B. R., The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System. Yale Univ. Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  15. The Search for Peace in Afghanistan: from Buffer State to Failed State. Yale Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  16. Smith, Mary, Before the Taliban: Living with War, Hoping for Peace. Iynx Publishing, Aberdour, 2002Google Scholar
  17. Vogelsang, Willem, The Afghans. Blackwell, Oxford, 2002Google Scholar
  18. National Statistical Offic: Central Statistics Office, Ansar-i-Watt, Kabul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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