“Faces at the Bottom of the Well”:African American Poverty and the Postindustrial City at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century

  • Frank Harold Wilson


Accompanying the growing economy and domestic social policies of the Civil Rights Movement and “War On Poverty” (Economic Opportunity Act of 1965), traditionally high levels of African American poverty decreased steadily during the 1960s and 1970s. By the post-Civil Rights decades of the 1980s and 1990s, the national economic challenges of stagflation, recessions, and balancing the budget were characterized by the assault on “the New Class,” the “War Against Welfare,” and a conservative movement to derail civil rights and social entitlements. The New Deal and Keynesian welfare state, which contained social entitlement policies protecting the elderly, children, and the disadvantaged, were increasingly challenged by politicians as inflationary, excessive, and antithetical to the free market.


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Copyright information

© Gayle T. Tate and Lewis A. Randolph 2006

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  • Frank Harold Wilson

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