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In Whose Interest: Chicago Schools in the 1960s

  • Dionne Danns
Chapter

Abstract

Chicago Public Schools has a longstanding history of segregation and inequality. As a result of inequality, organizers created an educational reform movement in the 1960s. During the Civil Rights and black Power Movements, Chicago organizers demanded quality education for black youth first in the form of desegregation and later through substantive changes at the schools Blacks already attended. Civil rights activists organized boycotts, sit-ins, court cases, a Title VI complaint and other forms of demonstrations, which resulted in ineffective permissive transfer plans, but not in the massive desegregation of Chicago Public Schools as many activists had hoped. During the Black Power era, students, teachers, and community organizations utilized similar tactics, such as boycotts and sit-ins, but their desire for the improvement of schools where blacks already attended led to a number of their demands being met.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Derrick A. Bell, Jr., “Brown v. Board of Education and the Interest Convergence Dilemma,” Harvard Law Review 93 ( 1980): 524–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    James T. Patterson, Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001) 55Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    John E. Coons, “Report to the United States Office of Education on the Public Schools of Chicago,” Draft Copy (Cambridge, 1965), III 21–22Google Scholar
  4. 21.
    Dionne Danns, Something Better for Our Children: Black Organizing in Chicago Public Schools, 1963–1971 (New York: Routledge, 2003) 36–37Google Scholar
  5. Dempsey Travis, Autobiography of Black Politics (Chicago, IL: Urban Research Press, 1987) 313Google Scholar
  6. Adam Cohen and Elizabeth Taylor, American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley: His Battle for Chicago and the Nation (Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 2000) 308–09.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gayle T. Tate and Lewis A. Randolph 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dionne Danns

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