• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A bridge between Europe and Africa, the Iberian peninsula has absorbed influences from both regions. The original inhabitants were Iberians, who spoke a non Indo-European language, and Celtic peoples, who were mainly to the north and west of the peninsula. From the 8th century BC the Phoenicians established trading colonies such as Gades (Cádiz), importing metalworking skills, music and literacy in the form of a semi-syllabic script. The Greeks established a trading settlement in Catalonia named Empirion (now Ampurias) around 575 BC, and there is evidence of other Greek and Phoenician settlements along the Mediterranean coast.


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Further Reading

  1. Balfour, Sebastian, The Politics of Contemporary Spain. 2004Google Scholar
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  10. Hooper, John, The New Spaniards. 2nd ed. revised. 2006Google Scholar
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  14. Pierson, Peter, The History of Spain. 2008Google Scholar
  15. Salvadó, Francisco J. Romero, Twentieth-Century Spain: Politics and Society in Spain, 1898–1998. 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Paseo de Recoletos, 20–22, 28071 Madrid.Google Scholar
  17. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Paseo de la Castellana, 183, Madrid.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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