• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Ceramic objects unearthed on Panama’s Pacific coast suggest the area was settled from 2,500 BC. Maize cultivation began in southern Panama around 1,500 BC and by 300 BC it supported numerous large, permanent villages. Public architecture was in evidence by AD 500, along with pottery (Gran Code), gold ornaments and elaborate burial chambers. From AD 750 present-day Panama was widely settled by Chibchan, Chocoan and Cueva peoples, and there was trade with other groups across central America.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The Controller-General of the Republic (Contraloria General de la República, Calle 35 y Avenida 6, Panama City) publishes an annual report and other statistical publications.Google Scholar
  2. Harding, Robert C., The History of Panama. 2006Google Scholar
  3. Lindsay-Poland, John, Emperors in the Jungle. 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. McCullough, D. G., The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914. 1999Google Scholar
  5. Sahota, G. S., Poverty Theory and Policy: a Study of Panama. 1990Google Scholar
  6. Other titles are listed under Panama Canal, above.Google Scholar
  7. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Departamento de Información, Av. Balboa y Federico Boyd, Ciudad de Panama.Google Scholar
  8. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations