• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Finland’s first inhabitants moved northwards at the end of the Ice Age. Further waves of settlement came in 4000 BC and 1000 BC and social groups began to develop. During the Viking era Finland’s location on the trade route between Russia and Sweden brought prosperity and conflict in equal measure, with attacks made on Finnish trading posts by the Swedes and the Danes.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland (from 1879).—Bulletin of Statistics (quarterly, from 1971).Google Scholar
  2. Constitution Act and Parliament Act of Finland. 1999Google Scholar
  3. Suomen valtiokalenteri—i>Finlands statskalender (State Calendar of Finland). AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Facts About Finland. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  5. Finland in Figures. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  6. Jussila, Osmo, Hentila, Seppo and Nevakivi, Jukka, From Grand Duchy to a Modern State: A Political History of Finland since1809. 2000Google Scholar
  7. Kirby, D. G., A Concise History of Finland. 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Klinge, M., A Brief History of Finland. 1987Google Scholar
  9. Lewis, Richard D., Finland, Cultural Lone Wolf. 2004Google Scholar
  10. Pesonen, Pertti and Riihinen, Olavi, Dynamic Finland: The Political System and the Welfare State. 2004Google Scholar
  11. Raunio, Tapio and Tiilikainen, Teija, Finland in the European Union. 2003Google Scholar
  12. Singleton, F., A Short History of Finland. 2nd ed. 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. National Statistical Office: Statistics Finland, Työpajankatu 13, Helsinki, FIN-00022.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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