Fiji Islands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Fiji Islands were first recorded in detail by Capt. Bligh after the mutiny of the Bounty (1789). In the 19th century the demand for sandalwood attracted merchant ships. Deserters and shipwrecked sailors settled. Tribal wars were bloody and widespread until Fiji was ceded to Britain on 10 Oct. 1874. Fiji gained independence on 10 Oct. 1970. It remained an independent state within the Commonwealth with a Governor-General appointed by the Queen until 1987. In the general election of 12 April 1987 a left-wing coalition came to power with the support of the Indian population who outnumbered the indigenous Fijians by 50% to 44%. However, it was overthrown in a military coup. A month later, Fiji declared itself a Republic and Fiji’s Commonwealth membership lapsed.


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Further Reading

  1. Bureau of Statistics. Annual Report; Current Economic Statistics. Quarterly Reserve Bank of Fiji. Quarterly Review Google Scholar
  2. Belshaw, Cyril S., Under the Ivi Tree: Society and Economic Growth in Rural Fiji. 2004Google Scholar
  3. Kelly, John D. and Kaplan, Martha, Represented Communities: Fiji and World Decolonization. 2001Google Scholar
  4. Lal, B. J., Broken Waves: a History of the Fiji Islands in the Twentieth Century. 1992Google Scholar
  5. Robertson, Robert and Sutherland, William, Government by the Gun: Fiji and the 2000 Coup. 2002Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Office: Bureau of Statistics, POB 2221, Government Buildings, Suva.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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