Negara Brunei Darussalam (State of Brunei Darussalam)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Records from Chinese and Arab seafarers dating back 1,400 years mention settlements on the northwest coast of Borneo that may have been forerunners to those in modern Brunei. From the early ninth century Vijayapura, which ancient Chinese texts refer to as a highly developed port, came under the control of the Srivjaya Empire (centred on Palumbang on the island of Sumatra). Trade with China blossomed from the late 10th century, with Song dynasty merchants seeking camphor from the hinterland they knew as Po-ni. By the 14th century Po-ni was under the influence of both the Javanese Majapahit Empire and Ming Dynasty Chinese traders.


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister’s Office. Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook.Google Scholar
  2. Cleary, M. and Wong, S. Y., Oil, Economic Development and Diversification in Brunei. 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Saunders, G., History of Brunei. 1996Google Scholar
  4. Sidhu, Jatswan S, Historical Dictionary of Brunei Darussalam. 2010Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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