• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Excavations near Kandahar in southern Afghanistan have revealed Neolithic settlements dating to 5000 BC. Later settlements indicate trade links with cities in the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia. Aryan tribes that settled in Afghanistan’s northern plains near Balkh (Bactria) from around 1500 BC gave way to successive Persian dynasties, including the Acaemanid Empire (550 BC-330 BC) ruled by Darius the Great from Persepolis after 515 BC.


Parliamentary Election Corruption Organization Neolithic Settlement Afghan Refugee Buddha Statue 
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Further Reading

  1. Cowper-Coles, Sherard, Cables from Kabul: The Inside Story of the West’s Afghanistan Campaign. 2011Google Scholar
  2. Dalrymple, William, Return of a King: The Battle for Afghanistan, 1839–42. 2013Google Scholar
  3. Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan, A New History. 2001Google Scholar
  4. Goodson, Larry, Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban. 2001Google Scholar
  5. Griffiths, John, Afghanistan: A History of Conflict. 2001Google Scholar
  6. Hopkins, B. D., The Making of Modern Afghanistan. 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hyman, A., Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–1991. 3rd ed. 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Magnus, Ralph H. and Naby, Eden, Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid. Revised ed. 2002Google Scholar
  9. Maley, William, The Afghanistan Wars. 2nd ed. 2009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Margolis, Eric, War at the Top of the World: The Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir and Tibet. 2001Google Scholar
  11. Nojumi, Neamatollah, The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan. 2001Google Scholar
  12. Snetkov, Aglaya and Aris, Stephen, The Regional Dimensions to Security. 2013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Steele, Jonathan, Ghosts of Afghanistan: The Haunted Battleground. 2011Google Scholar
  14. Vogelsang, Willem, The Afghans. 2002Google Scholar
  15. National Statistical Office: Central Statistics Office, Ansar-i-Watt, Kabul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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