It’s Not Just a Question of Muscle: Cultural Interoperability for NATO
On a recent field trip to the former Yugoslavia,1 soldiers expressed the commonly held belief that the reason for NATO’s success in maintaining the peace in the region was due to ‘more teeth’ and the willingness ‘to bite’. But is it simply a question of ‘more muscle’ or are there other factors that influence NATO’s ability to effectively operate in the former Yugoslavia?
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.In this paper, our approach to cultural interoperability is ‘offensive’ rather that ‘defensive’ that is, we believe there is a link between an organization’s culture and its performance. See M. Alvesson, Cultural Perspectives on Organizations, (United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 6.Google Scholar
- 7.S. Sachman, Cultural Complexity in Organizations. Inherent Contrasts and Contradictions, (Beverly Hills: Sage, 1997), p. 25.Google Scholar
- 12.E. Elron, B. Shamir and E. Ben-Ari, ‘Why Don’t They Fight each Other? Cultural Diversity and Operational Unity in Multinational Forces.’ Armed Forces and Society. (1999) Forthcoming.Google Scholar
- 13.J. Soeters and R. Recht, Convergence or Divergence in the Multinational Classroom? The NATO Defence College Experience, (Breda: RMA, mimeo 1999).Google Scholar
- 17.North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, The NATO Handbook, (Brussels: NATO Office of Information and Press, 1998).Google Scholar
- 21.S. Sarvas, ‘One Past, Two Futures? The NATO Enlargement Debate in the Czech Republic and Slovakia’ (Netherlands: Centre for European Security Studies, 1999), p. 11.Google Scholar
- 25.M. Maisonneuve, ‘Practical Aspects of the Use of Force in Peace Operations’, in A. Morrison, D.A. Fraser and J.D. Kiras (eds.): Peacekeeping with Muscle: The Use of Force in International Conflict Resolution, (Toronto: Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 1997), p. 149.Google Scholar
- 32.D.A. Leurdijk, The United Nations and NATO in Former Yugoslavia, (The Hague: Netherlands Atlantic Commission and Clingendael, 1994), pp. 21–24.Google Scholar
- 33.D. Zandee, Building Blocks for Peace, (Den Haag: Clingendael, 1998), pp. 48–49.Google Scholar
- 34.M.C. Williams, Civil-Military Relations and Peacekeeping, Adelphi Paper 321, (New York, Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 1998 ), p.15.Google Scholar
- 46.E. Sloan, Bosnia and the New Collective Security, (Westport CT: Praeger Books, 1998 ),p. 113.Google Scholar
- 53.F. Briquemont, Do something, General, (Antwerpen: Standaard Uitgeverij, 1998) p. 96.Google Scholar
- 79.G. Teitler , Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia. The International Framework’, in J.L. Soeters and J.H. Rovers (eds.): Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies. The Bosnian Experience, (Tilburg: Gianotten, 1997), p. 13.Google Scholar