Different Securities? NATO and the Transformation of the State
The conflict between military security and economic security which accompanied the first years of NATO has been much discussed.1 It arose out of the demands of voters in post-war western democracies, many of them with a greatly extended franchise, for personal lifetime economic security. The high unemployment rates and great uncertainties of personal income in the inter-war period were seen by many post-war western European governments as having weakened the fabric of civil society. There was a remarkable readiness, deriving from the desire of restoration regimes to legitimise themselves with electorates which they had largely failed in the inter-war years by satisfying the claims of voters for a larger measure of social security. In some countries-Belgium, France, the United Kingdom —, this was displayed even before the onset of the Cold War reversed the immediate post-war fall in defence spending. The welfare state, as it came to be called, was willingly embraced by politicians whose primary task in their own judgement was to re-establish the nation-states which had collapsed in 1938–40 as the basis of a European order.
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