Advertisement

Different Securities? NATO and the Transformation of the State

  • Alan S. Milward
Chapter

Abstract

The conflict between military security and economic security which accompanied the first years of NATO has been much discussed.1 It arose out of the demands of voters in post-war western democracies, many of them with a greatly extended franchise, for personal lifetime economic security. The high unemployment rates and great uncertainties of personal income in the inter-war period were seen by many post-war western European governments as having weakened the fabric of civil society. There was a remarkable readiness, deriving from the desire of restoration regimes to legitimise themselves with electorates which they had largely failed in the inter-war years by satisfying the claims of voters for a larger measure of social security. In some countries-Belgium, France, the United Kingdom —, this was displayed even before the onset of the Cold War reversed the immediate post-war fall in defence spending. The welfare state, as it came to be called, was willingly embraced by politicians whose primary task in their own judgement was to re-establish the nation-states which had collapsed in 1938–40 as the basis of a European order.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    J. van der Harst, ‘From Neutrality to Alignment: Dutch Defense Policy, 1945–1951’ in F.H. Heller and J.R. Gillingham (eds.), NATO: The Founding of the Atlantic Alliance and the Integration of Europe (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Mastundano, ‘Trade as Strategic Weapon: American and Alliance Export Control Policy in the Early Post-War Period’ in International Organization, 42, (1988), pp. 121–150. V. Sørensen, ‘Economic Recovery Versus Containment: The Anglo-American Controversy over East-West Trade, 1947–1951’ in Cooperation and Conflict 24 (1989), pp. 69–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.-E. Førland, Vi sier intet, Norge I Co Com, 1948–1953 (Oslo, Norwegian Universities Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Chalmers, Paying for Defence: Military Spending and British Decline (Pluto Press, London, 1985).Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    R de Grasse Jr., The Costs and Consequences of Reagan’s Military Build-Up (New York, Council on Economic Priorities, 1982).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    D. Greenwood, ‘Note on the Impact of Military Expenditure on Economic Growth and Performance’ in C. Schmidt (ed.), The Economics of Military Expenditure: Military Expenditure, Economic Growth and Fluctuations (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1987).Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    M.J. Peck and F.M. Scherer, The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (Boston, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1962), p. 172.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    W. Leontief and F. Duchin, Military Spending. Facts and Figures, Worldwide Implications and Future Outlook (New York, OUP, 1983), passim.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan S. Milward

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations