Advertisement

NATO Nuclear Strategy, 1949–90

  • Michael O. Wheeler
Chapter

Abstract

During the Cold War, NATO planners assumed that early use of nuclear weapons would be authorized to respond to a major Soviet attack. NATO strategy was critically dependent upon that assumption. This paper will briefly describe how that came to be the case, as seen and influenced by officials in Washington. The American perspective is chosen because, notwithstanding the important contributions of other Allies, it was the nuclear weapons supplied by (and ultimately controlled from) Washington that made the strategy possible. American interests thus had special importance in NATO’s strategic debates.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 10.
    Robert R. Bowie and Richard H. Immerman, Waging Peace: How Eisenhower Shaped an Enduring Cold War Strategy (New York: Oxford University, 1998).Google Scholar
  2. 15.
    Philip Nash, The Other Missiles of October: Eisenhower, Kennedy, and the Jupiters, 1957–1963 (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina, 1997).Google Scholar
  3. 20.
    J. Michael Legge, Theater Nuclear Weapons and the NATO Strategy of Flexible Response (Santa Monica, California: RAND, 1983), p. 19Google Scholar
  4. 27.
    James A. Baker, III, with Thomas M. DeFrank, The Politics of Diplomacy (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1995), p. 90.Google Scholar
  5. 30.
    Philip Zelikow and Condoleezza Rice, Germany Unified and Europe Transformed (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University, 1995), p. 238.Google Scholar
  6. 32.
    George Bush and Brent Scowcroft, A World Transformed (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998), pp. 273–74.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael O. Wheeler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations