NATO, the Northern Flank, and the Neutrals

  • Olav Riste


This section deals with four countries which all chose different paths to obtain security during the Cold War: Two of them, Denmark and Norway, became members of NATO, and would henceforth be known in strategic and military planning as NATO’s ‘Northern Flank’. Of the other two, Sweden chose “non-alignment in peace with a view to neutrality in war”. Finland, eschewing any formal definition of its status, practised a form of pragmatic non-alignment, which President Kekkonen usually referred to as Finland’s policy of neutrality.


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  1. 1.
    T. Huitfeldt, ‘NATO and the Northern Flank’ in R. Tamnes (ed.), Forsvarsstudier VI, 1987 (Oslo: Institute for Defence Studies, 1987).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    R. Tamnes, ‘Integration and Screening: The Two Faces of Norwegian Alliance Policy, 1945–1986’, in R. Tamnes, (ed.), Forsvarsstudier VI (Institute for Defence Studies, Oslo 1987), p. 75.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

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  • Olav Riste

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