Ritsuko Eder (b. 1917), Doris Semura (1912–2005), Dawn Kashitani (b. 1910)

On that day, the sand blew and it got into our eyes and oh, it made us weep
  • Jane Wehrey
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Oral History book series (PSOH)


When Japan attacked U.S. military installations in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, Ritsuko Eder, Doris Semura, and Dawn Kashitani were young American women of Japanese ancestry living in the Los Angeles area. In the early months of 1942, they were ordered to leave their homes, take only what they could carry, and board trains and buses for the journey to a dreary, hastily built barrack city in the desert that would be their home for months, perhaps years.


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  1. 1.
    San Francisco Examiner, May 8, 1900, quoted in Roger Daniel, Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1988), 112.Google Scholar

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© Jane Wehrey 2006

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  • Jane Wehrey

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