Party Cabinets, Radical Movements and the Collapse of Taisho Democracy, 1918–32
The Hara cabinet came into existence at a time when the Rice Riots had aroused both foreboding and optimism in Japan. For many ultranationalilsts who later achieved fame or notoriety it was this episode which first alerted them to the need to prevent the disintegration of the sense of national solidarity which was so essential to their concept of a unique kokutai. For others the revelation of the potential power of mass action induced hope that this power might be channelled into radical causes. Even among those who were less alarmed or excited, the disturbances encouraged the feeling that the time was ripe for a fundamental re-examination and new initiatives.
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