Political Party Consolidation, Oligarchic Reaction and the Emergence of New Forces, 1905–18
The Russo-Japanese War was a landmark in Japanese political history not only because it led to the formation of a new cabinet by the president of the main political party — with the genro playing a passive role — but also because it transformed Japan’s international position. Before 1904 Japan had been little more than a minor Far Eastern power; by the end of 1905 it had acquired a strong foothold on the Asian continent, with Korea coming under its protection (a prelude to annexation in 1910) and with the establishment of a Japanese sphere of influence in southern Manchuria. For some years the threat of a war of revenge by Russia exercised Japanese military men, but this possibility came to seem less likely when Japan and Russia signed a series of local agreements in 1907; and the process of Russo-Japanese rapprochement was further advanced in 1910 by an agreement to cooperate in protecting their railway interests in Manchuria against the threat of American capital.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.