International Policy Instrument Prominence in the Climate Change Debate

  • Karen Fisher-Vanden


The climate change issue has evolved substantially since the 1970s. The focus in the 1970s and the early 1980s was on determining whether human activities had any discernible influence on the global climate. Following the discovery of the ozone hole in 1985 and the hot summer of 1988, the focus shifted toward achieving international cooperation to address the issue. An agreement on international cooperation was reached with the signing of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. After the signing of the FCCC, emphasis was placed on reaching international agreement on an environmental goal—specifically, what the emissions target should be, within what timeframe, and how the target could best be achieved.


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© Paul G. Harris 2000

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  • Karen Fisher-Vanden

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