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Does Latin America Exist? (And Is There a Confucian Culture?): A Global Analysis of Cross-Cultural Differences

Originally published in PS: Political Science and Politics, 30 (1), 1991
  • Ronald Inglehart
  • Marita Carballo
Chapter

Abstract

Inglehart and Carballo’s first task in this article is to introduce the two underlying dimensions that, they argue, explain a good deal of the variation in people’s attitudes toward a broad range of questions (see Figure 1) across a number of societies. These dimensions contrast: traditional conceptions of authority characteristic of some of the least technologically developed societies with secular-rational conceptions of authority prevalent among most European and East-Asian societies as well as concerns about physical and economic survival typical of industrializing or “modern” societies in Eastern Europe and East Asia and quality-of-life concerns (opportunities for participation in politics and the workplace, meaningful leisure and environmental protection) found more commonly among advanced-industrial or “postmodern” societies in northwestern Europe. The average or mean scores of citizens of 43 societies on the broad range of questions Inglehart and Carballo ask produce clusters of societies (in Figures 4–6) that roughly duplicate geographic relationships. Thus the authors show that Latin America (or any other geographic region from other clusters in Figure 4) exists in terms of attitudinal similarities in addition to being a set of geographically proximate societies.

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References

  1. Basanez, M. 1993. Protestant and Catholic ethics: An empirical comparison. Paper presented at conference on Changing Social and Political Values: A Global Perspective, Complutense University, Madrid, September 27–October 1.Google Scholar
  2. Basanez, M., R. Inglehart and A. Moreno. 1997. Human beliefs and values: A cross-cultural sourcebook. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  3. Converse, P. E. 1963. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In Ideology and discontent, edited by D. Apter. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Inglehart, R. 1997 (forthcoming). Modernization and postmodernization: Cultural, economic and political change in 43 societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lane Crothers and Charles Lockhart 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Inglehart
  • Marita Carballo

There are no affiliations available

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