Fernao Lopes de Castanheda (P-1559) was born in Santarem, Portugal, as the son of Lopo Fernandes de Castenheda, the first “ouvidor”—a special judge of a ministry or tribunal—of Goa. In 1528 he accompanied his father to India with the armada of Nuno da Cunha. Little is known of his tenure. He was apparently commissioned by the Portuguese monarch, Joao III, to write a history of the Portuguese discovery of India. Books one through seven of the Historia appeared between 1551 and 1554, and were soon translated into French and Spanish. Book eight appeared posthumously in 1561.
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