Due to the shortage of German personnel, the Nazi police structure in the east relied heavily on local manpower to carry out its various tasks. For patrolling the countryside, the German iitGendarmerie established a network of small posts in each of the iitrayon towns. The ratio of Gendarmes to local police (iitSchutzmannschaft), however, was initially at least one to five and worsened from the summer of 1942. Accordingly the local police played an important role in the functioning and image of the German occupation regime.1
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