• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Neolithic settlements from around 3000 BC have been found. Celtic clans settled in fertile valleys in parts of present-day Switzerland from around 1500 BC, with the Raetians in the east and the Helvetti to the west. A Bronze Age Celtic civilization reached its height around 100 BC. An attempt by the Helvetti to spread west into Gaul was quashed by Julius Caesar in 58 BC. As the Roman Empire expanded northward and westward, Switzerland came under its domain, centred on Aventicum (Avenches). The Romans constructed a road network from the strategically important Alpine passes but attempts to conquer Germanic tribes to the north and east of the Rhine were thwarted in AD 9. Garrisons along the Rhine from Lake Constance to Basle were maintained until Roman forces withdrew in 401.


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Further Reading

  1. Office Fédéral de la Statistique. Annuaire Statistique de la Suisse. Google Scholar
  2. Bewes, Diccon, Swiss Watching: Inside Europe’s Landlocked Island. 2010Google Scholar
  3. Butler, Michael, Pender, Malcolm and Charnley, Joy, Making of Modern Switzerland, 1848–1998. 2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Church, Clive, Politics and Government of Switzerland. 2003Google Scholar
  5. Kriesi, Hanspeter, Farago, Peter, Kohli, Martin and Zarin-Nejadan, Milad, Contemporary Switzerland. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. New, M., Switzerland Unwrapped: Exposing the Myths. 1997Google Scholar
  7. National library: Bibliothèque Nationale Suisse, Hallwylstr. 15, 3003 Berne.Google Scholar
  8. National Statistical Office: Office Fédéral de la Statistique, Espace de l’Europe 10, 2010 Neuchâtel.Google Scholar
  9. SFSO Information Service email: Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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