• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


When the last ice sheets covered much of Asia, the sea level fell low enough for a land bridge to appear between Japan and the Asian mainland. This route was taken by hunter-gatherers from Asia who crossed into previously uninhabited Japan. By 10,000 BC the first pottery was produced in Japan and there was some cultivation. Rice was introduced, probably from Korea, by about 400 BC, and the use of metals around a century later, but agriculture and fixed settlements were confined to the south for a long period. During this time waves of migrants came from mainland Asia, bringing with them skills and technologies, including the Chinese characters for writing.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Office (up to 2000) and Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (from 2001): Statistical Yearbook (from 1949).—Statistical Handbook (from 1958).—Monthly Statistics of Japan (from 1947–2006; online only since 2006 as Japan Monthly Statistics).—Historical Statistics (from 1868–2002)Google Scholar
  2. Economic Planning Agency (up to 2000) and Economic and Social Research Institute (from 2001) of the Cabinet Office: Economic Survey (annual), Economic Statistics (monthly), Economic Indicators (monthly)Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of International Trade and Industry (up to 2000) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (from 2001): Foreign Trade of Japan (annual)Google Scholar
  4. Allinson, G. D., Japan’s Postwar History. 1997Google Scholar
  5. Argy, V. and Stein, L., The Japanese Economy. 1996Google Scholar
  6. Bailey, P. J., Post-war Japan: 1945 to the Present. 1996Google Scholar
  7. Beasley, W. G., The Rise of Modern Japan: Political, Economic and Social Change Since 1850. 3rd ed. 2000Google Scholar
  8. Buruma, Ian, Inventing Japan: 1853–1964. 2003Google Scholar
  9. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan. 1993Google Scholar
  10. Cambridge History of Japan. Vols. 1–5. 1990–93Google Scholar
  11. Campbell, A. (ed.) Japan: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. 1994Google Scholar
  12. Clesse, A., et al., (eds.) The Vitality of Japan: Sources of National Strength and Weakness. 1997Google Scholar
  13. Henshall, K. G., A History of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower. 3rd ed. 2012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kingston, Jeff, Contemporary Japan: History, Politics and Social Change Since the 1980s. 2010Google Scholar
  15. McCargo, Duncan, Contemporary Japan. 3rd ed. 2012Google Scholar
  16. McClain, James, Japan: A Modern History. 2001Google Scholar
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  19. Schirokauer, C., Brief History of Japanese Civilization. 1993Google Scholar
  20. Stockwin, J., Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Japan. 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Takao, Yasuo, Reinventing Japan: From Merchant Nation to Civic Nation. 2008Google Scholar
  22. Woronoff, J., The Japanese Economic Crisis. 2nd ed. 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yoda, Tomiko, Japan After Japan: Social and Cultural Life from the Recessionary 1990s to the Present. 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. National library: The National Diet Library, 1–10–1 Nagata-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100–8924.Google Scholar
  25. National Statistical Office: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, 19–1 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162–8668.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2013

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  • Barry Turner

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