• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Hunter gatherers inhabited Ghana from 8000 BC. There was animal husbandry and agriculture from 1500 BC, with iron technology developing from 100 BC. A centuries-long migration from the north was led by the Guan who moved south from present-day Burkina Faso. The northern Dagomba and Mamprusi kingdoms traded with western Sudanese counterparts from the 12th century, coming under the influence of Islam. In the early 15th century gold and kola nuts from the forested south were exchanged for goods from the savannah regions at towns including Begho.


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Further reading

  1. Aryeetey, Ernest and Kanbur, Ravi, (eds.) The Economy of Ghana: Analytical Perspectives on Stability, Growth and Poverty. 2008Google Scholar
  2. Boafo- Arthur, Kwame, (ed.) Ghana: One Decade of the Liberal State. 2007Google Scholar
  3. Carmichael, J., Profile of Ghana. 1992.—African Eldorado: Ghana from Gold Coast to Independence. 1993Google Scholar
  4. Gocking, Roger S., The History of Ghana. 2005Google Scholar
  5. Herbst, J., The Politics of Reform in Ghana, 1982–1991. 1993Google Scholar
  6. Ninsin, Kwame A. (ed.) Ghana: Transition to Democracy. 2002Google Scholar
  7. Odotei, Irene K. and Awedoba, Albert K. (eds.) Chieftaincy in Ghana: Culture, Governance and Development. 2006Google Scholar
  8. Petchenkine, Y., Ghana in Search of Stability, 1957–1992. 1992Google Scholar
  9. Rimmer, D., Staying Poor: Ghana’s Political Economy, 1950–1990. 1993Google Scholar
  10. Taitón, Benjamin, Politics of Social Change in Ghana: The Konkomba Struggle for Political Equality. 2010Google Scholar
  11. Tettey, Wisdom, Puplampu, Korbia P. and Berman, Bruce J. (eds.) Critical Perspectives in Politics and Socio-Economic Development in Ghana. 2003Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Ghana Statistical Service, P. O. Box GP 1098, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MoFEP) Head Office Bunding, Accra.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2013

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  • Barry Turner

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