• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Evidence of human habitation in Brazil dates to 9000 BC. Before the Portuguese discovery and occupation of Brazil there was a large indigenous population fragmented into smaller tribes. The largest was the Tupi-Guarani, which survived the sub-tropical environment by clearing land for crops.


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Further Reading

  1. Banco Central do Brasil: Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil (monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografía e Estatística: Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Indicadores IBGE (monthly).Google Scholar
  3. Baer, W., The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 6th ed. 2007Google Scholar
  4. Brainard, Lael and Martinez-Diaz, Leonardo, (eds.) Brazil as an Economic Superpower?: Understanding Brazil’s Changing Role in the Global Economy. 2009Google Scholar
  5. Burns, Bradford E., A History of Brazil. 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eakin, Marshall C., Brazil: The Once and Future Country. 1997Google Scholar
  7. Falk, P. S. and Fleischer, D. V., Brazil’s Economic and Political Future. 1988Google Scholar
  8. Fausto, Boris, A Concise History of Brazil. 1999Google Scholar
  9. Klein, Herbert, Brazil Since 1980. 2006Google Scholar
  10. Levine, Robert M., History of Brazil. 2003Google Scholar
  11. Love, Jospeh L. and Baer, Werner, (eds.) Brazil Under Lula: Economy, Politics, and Society Under the Worker-President. 2009Google Scholar
  12. Montero, Alfred, Brazilian Politics: Reforming a Democratic State in a Changing World. 2006Google Scholar
  13. Riordan, Roett, The New Brazil. 2011Google Scholar
  14. Rohter, Larry, Brazil on the Rise: The Story of a Country Transformed. 2010Google Scholar
  15. Skidmore, Thomas E., Brazil: Five Centuries of Change. 2009Google Scholar
  16. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  17. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Avenida Rio Branco 219, 22040–008 Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  18. National Statistical Office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografía e Estatística (IBGE), Avenida Franklin Roosevelt 166, 20021–120 Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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