• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Hunter-gatherers lived in Peru from at least 9000 BC. Irrigation canals discovered recently in the Andean foothills of northern Peru date farming from around 3400 BC. The Chavin culture in central and northern Peru between 900 BC and 200 BC left monumental temples and intricate artwork across a wide area. The Paracas culture emerged on the southern coast in around 300 BC and evolved into the Nazca culture, famed for its exquisite textiles. Further north, the coastal Moche culture flourished between around 100 BC and AD 700, producing distinctive metalwork and pottery. The following centuries saw the rise of inland, Andean cultures and powerful city states such as Chancay, Sipan and Cajamarca.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Anuario Estadistico del Perú.—Perú: Compendio Estadistico. Annual.—Boletin de Estadistica Peruana. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Banco Central de Reserva. Monthly Bulletin.—Renta Nacional del Peru. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. Cameron, M. A., Democracy and Authoritarianism in Peru: Political Coalitions and Social Change. 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Carrion, Julio F., The Fujimori Legacy: The Rise of Electoral Authoritarianism in Peru. 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Daeschner, J., The War of the End of Democracy: Mario Vargas Llosa vs. Alberto Fujimori. 1993.Google Scholar
  6. Gorriti, Gustavo, (trans. Robin Kirk) The Shining Path: A History of the Millenarian War in Peru. 1999Google Scholar
  7. Starn, Orin, The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics. 2005.Google Scholar
  8. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informática, Av. Gral. Garzôn 654–658, Jesús María, Lima.Google Scholar
  9. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations