• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers of the New World arrived in Alaska from Asia about 15,000 years ago. From about 2000 BC the people of Ancient Mexico began to settle in villages and to cultivate maize and other crops. From about 1000 BC the chief tribes were the Olmec on the Gulf Coast, the Maya in the Yucatán peninsula and modern day Chiapas, the Zapotecs and Mixtecs in Oaxaca, the Tarascans in Michoacán and the Toltecs in central Mexico. One of the largest and most powerful cities in ancient Mexico was Teotihuacán, which in the 6th century AD was one of the six largest cities in the world. By the time the Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1519, the dominant people were the Mexica, more commonly known as the Aztecs, whose capital Tenochtitlán became Mexico City after the conquest.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Anuario Estadístico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Mexican Bulletin of Statistical Information. Quarterly.Google Scholar
  2. Bethell, L. (ed.) Mexico since Independence. 1992Google Scholar
  3. Castañeda, Jorge G., Mañana Forever?: Mexico and the Mexicans. 2011Google Scholar
  4. Hamnett, Brian R., A Concise History of Mexico. 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Krauze, E., Mexico, Biography of Power: A History of Modern Mexico, 1810–1996. 1997Google Scholar
  6. Levy, Daniel C., Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development. 2006Google Scholar
  7. Mentinis, Mihalis, Zapatistas: The Chiapas Revolt and What it Means for Radical Politics. 2006Google Scholar
  8. Philip, G. (ed.) The Presidency in Mexican Politics. 1991Google Scholar
  9. Randall, Laura, Changing Structure of Mexico: Political, Social and Economic Prospects. 2005Google Scholar
  10. Ruíz, R. E., Triumphs and Tragedy: a History of the Mexican People. 1992Google Scholar
  11. Snyder, Richard, Politics After Neoliberalism: Reregulation in Mexico. 2006Google Scholar
  12. Whiting, V. R., The Political Economy of Foreign Investment in Mexico: Nationalism, Liberalism, Constraints on Choice. 1992Google Scholar
  13. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI), Av. Héroe de Nacozari Sur 2301, Fracc. Jardines del Parque, CP 20276 Aguascalientes.Google Scholar
  14. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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