The Commonwealth is a free association of sovereign independent states. It numbered 54 members in Feb. 2012. With a membership of over 2bn. people, it represents around 30% of the world’s population. There is no charter, treaty or constitution; the association is expressed in co-operation, consultation and mutual assistance for which the Commonwealth Secretariat is the central co-ordinating body.
- The Cambridge History of the British Empire. 8 vols. 1929 ff.Google Scholar
- Chan, S., Twelve Years of Commonwealth Diplomatic History: Summit Meetings, 1979–1991. 1992Google Scholar
- Judd, D. and Slinn, P., The Evolution of the Modern Commonwealth. 1982Google Scholar
- Keeton, G. W. (ed.) The British Commonwealth: Its Laws and Constitutions. 9 vols. 1951 ff.Google Scholar
- Madden, F. and Fieldhouse, D., (eds.) Selected Documents on the Constitutional History of the British Empire and Commonwealth. 1994Google Scholar
- Mayall, James, (ed.) The Contemporary Commonwealth. 2009Google Scholar
- Moore, R. J., Making the New Commonwealth. 1987Google Scholar