• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 16th century, Spain imported large numbers of African slaves whose descendants now populate the country. The colony subsequently fell under French rule. In 1791 a slave uprising led to the 13-year-long Haitian Revolution. In 1801 Toussaint Louverture, one of the leaders of the revolution, succeeded in eradicating slavery. He proclaimed himself governor-general for life over the whole island. He was captured and sent to France, but Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of his generals, led the final battle that defeated Napoleon’s forces. The newly-named Haiti declared its independence on 1 Jan. 1804, becoming the first independent black republic in the world. Ruled by a succession of self-appointed monarchs, Haiti became a republic in the mid-19th century. From 1915 to 1934 Haiti was under United States occupation.


Dominican Republic Corruption Organization Naval Blockade International Flight Chief Town 
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Further Reading

  1. Girard, Philippe, Haiti: The Tumultuous History—From Pearl of the Caribbean to Broken Nation. 2010Google Scholar
  2. Heinl, Robert & Nancy, revised by Michael Heinl, Written in Blood. 1996Google Scholar
  3. Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. 3rd ed. 1996Google Scholar
  4. Pierre, Hyppolite, Haiti, Rising Flames from Burning Ashes: Haiti the Phoenix. 2006Google Scholar
  5. Shamsie, Yasmine and Thompson, Andrew S., (eds.) Haiti: Hope for a Fragile State. 2006Google Scholar
  6. Thomson, I., Bonjour Blanc: a Journey through Haiti. 1992Google Scholar
  7. Weinstein, B. and Segal, A., Haiti: the Failure of Politics. 1992Google Scholar
  8. Wucker, Michele, Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola. 2000Google Scholar
  9. National library: Bibliotheque Nationale, 193 Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar
  10. National Statistical Office: Institut Harden de Statistique et dTnformatique (IHSI), 1 Angle rue Joseph Janvier et Blvd Harry Truman, HT6110 Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar
  11. Website (French only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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