• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation from around 8000 BC. Remnants of a ‘comb’ pottery culture show the arrival around 5000 BC of the ancestors of the Eestii, one of the first known peoples to inhabit the Baltic’s eastern shores and the forerunners of modern Estonians. Before the arrival of Christianity the cult of Tharapita (or Taara), a god of war, was popular in northern Estonia and the island of Saaremaa.


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Further reading

  1. Hood, N., et al., (eds.) Transition in the Baltic States. 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kasekamp, Andres, A History of the Baltic States. 2010Google Scholar
  3. Kolsto, Pal, National Integration and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Societies: The Cases of Estonia and Moldova. 2002Google Scholar
  4. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. 1994Google Scholar
  5. Misiunas, R.-J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: Years of Dependence 1940–1990. 2nd ed. 1993Google Scholar
  6. O’Connor, Kevin, The History of the Baltic States. 2003Google Scholar
  7. Plakans, Andrejs, A Concise History of the Baltic States. 2011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Smith, David J., Purs, Aldis, Pabriks, Artis and Lane, Thomas, (eds.) The Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. 2002Google Scholar
  9. Taagepera, R., Estonia: Return to Independence. 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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