• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brunei became an independent Sultanate in the 15th century controlling most of Borneo, its neighbouring islands and the Suhi Archipelago. By the end of the 16th century, however, the power of Brunei was on the wane. By the middle of the 19th century the state had been reduced to its present limits. Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888. The discovery of major oilfields in the west of the country in the 1920s brought economic prosperity. Brunei was occupied by the Japanese in 1941 and liberated by the Australians in 1945. Self-government was introduced in 1959 but Britain retained responsibility for foreign affairs. In 1965 constitutional changes were made which led to direct elections for a new Legislative Council. Full independence and sovereignty were gained in Jan. 1984.


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Further Reading

  1. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister’s Office. Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yearbook. Google Scholar
  2. Cleary, M. and Wong, S. Y., Oil, Economic Development and Diversification in Brunei. 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Saunders, G., History of Brunei. 1996Google Scholar
  4. Sidhu, Jatswan S., Historical Dictionary of Brunei Darussalam. 2010Google Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: Department of Statistics, Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister’s Office, Block 2A, Jalan Ong Sum Ping, Bandar Seri Begawan, BA 1311.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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