• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


From around 4000 BC Uruguay was populated principally by Charrúa and Guaraní Indians. Te Charrúa migrated seasonally between coastal and inland areas, while the Guaraní settled in the eastern forests and in the north. Smaller groups also settled the region and lands were fought over vigorously. In 1516 the frst Europeans to enter the territory, Spanish navigator Juan Díaz de Solis and his party, were killed. Other Spanish and Portuguese expeditions followed and in the late 16th century the Spanish laid claim to the Río de la Plata. In 1603 Spanish governor Hernando Arias de Saavedra is said to have shipped cattle and horses from the Paraguay region into Río de la Plata, and Spanish, Portuguese and English settlers began livestock farming. Te native peoples resisted the European colonizers but were killed in large numbers in warfare and by European disease.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. González, L. E., Political Structures and Democracy in Uruguay. 1992Google Scholar
  2. Sosnowski, S. (ed.) Repression, Exile and Democracy: Uruguayan Culture. 1993Google Scholar
  3. National library: Biblioteca Nacional del Uruguay, 18 de julio de 1790, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  4. National Statistical Ofce: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Rio Negro 1520, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  5. Website (Spanish only):
  6. Bohr, A. (ed.) Uzbekistan: Politics and Foreign Policy. 1998Google Scholar
  7. Kalter, J. and Pavaloi, M., Uzbekistan: Heir to the Silk Road. 1997Google Scholar
  8. Melvin, N. J., Uzbekistan: Transition to Authoritarianism on the Silk Road. 2000Google Scholar
  9. Yalcin, Resul, Te Rebirth of Uzbekistan: Politics, Economy and Society in the Post-Soviet Era. 2002Google Scholar
  10. National Statistical Ofce: State Committee of the Republic of UzbekistanGoogle Scholar
  11. on Statistics, Mustakillik Avenue 63, Tashkent 100077. Website:
  12. Miles, W. F. S., Bridging Mental Boundaries in a Postcolonial Microcosm: Identity and Development in Vanuatu. 1998Google Scholar
  13. National Statistical Ofce: Vanuatu Statistics Ofce, Private Mail Bag 019, Port Vila.Google Scholar
  14. Website:
  15. Reese, T., Inside the Vatican. 1997Google Scholar
  16. Permanent Observer Mission to the UN: http://www.holyseemission.orgGoogle Scholar
  17. Dirección General de Estadística, Ministerio de Fomento, Boletín Mensual de Estadística.—Anuario Estadístico de Venezuela. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  18. Canache, D., Venezuela: Public Opinion and Protest in a Fragile Democracy. 2002Google Scholar
  19. Rudolph, D. K. and Rudolph, G. A., Historical Dictionary of Venezuela. 2nd ed. 1995Google Scholar
  20. Wilpert, Greg, Changing Venezuela by Taking Power: the History and Policies of the Chavez Government. 2006Google Scholar
  21. National Statistical Ofce: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, AvenidaGoogle Scholar
  22. Boyacá Edifcio Fundación La Salle, Piso 4, Maripérez, Caracas. Website (Spanish only):
  23. Trade and Tourism Information Centre with the General Statistical Ofce. Economy and Trade of Vietnam [various 5-year periods]Google Scholar
  24. Gilbert, Marc Jason, (ed.) Why the North Won the Vietnam War. 2002Google Scholar
  25. Harvie, C. and Tran Van Hoa V., Reforms and Economic Growth. 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Karnow, S., Vietnam: a History. 2nd ed. 1992Google Scholar
  27. Morgan, Ted, Valley of Death: Te Tragedy at Dien Bien Phu Tat Led America into the Vietnam War. 2010Google Scholar
  28. Morley, J. W. and Nishihara M., Vietnam Joins the World. 1997Google Scholar
  29. Norlund, I. (ed.) Vietnam in a Changing World. 1994Google Scholar
  30. National Statistical Ofce: General Statistical Ofce, No. 2 Hoang VanGoogle Scholar
  31. Tu St., Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. Website:
  32. Central Statistical Organization. Statistical Year Book Google Scholar
  33. Al-Rasheed, Madawi and Vitalis, Robert (eds.) Counter-Narratives: History, Contemporary Society, and Politics in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. 2004Google Scholar
  34. Bruck, Gabriele vom, Islam, Memory and Morality in Yemen: Ruling Families in Transition. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Clark, Victoria, Yemen: Dancing on the Heads of Snakes. 2010Google Scholar
  36. Dresch, Paul, A History of Modern Yemen. 2001Google Scholar
  37. Mackintosh-Smith, T., Yemen—Travels in Dictionary Land. 1997Google Scholar
  38. Manea, Elham, Regional Politics in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen. 2005Google Scholar
  39. National Statistical Ofce: Central Statistical Organization, Ministry ofGoogle Scholar
  40. Planning and Development. Website:
  41. Chiluba, F., Democracy: the Challenge of Change. 1995Google Scholar
  42. Sardanis, Andrew, Africa: Another Side of the Coin: Northern Rhodesia’s Final Years and Zambia’s Nationhood. 2003Google Scholar
  43. Simon, David J., Pletcher, James R. and Siegel, Brian V., Historical Dictionary of Zambia. 2008Google Scholar
  44. Central Statistical Ofce. Monthly Digest of Statistics. Google Scholar
  45. National Statistical Ofce: Central Statistical Ofce, PO Box 31908.Google Scholar
  46. Lusaka. Website:
  47. Central Statistical Ofce. Monthly Digest of Statistics.Google Scholar
  48. Hatchard, J., Individual Freedoms and State Security in the African Context: the Case of Zimbabwe. 1993Google Scholar
  49. Hill, Geof, What Happens Afer Mugabe? Can Zimbabwe Rise From the Ashes? 2005Google Scholar
  50. Meredith, Martin, Mugabe: Power and Plunder in Zimbabwe. 2002Google Scholar
  51. Skålnes, T., Te Politics of Economic Reform in Zimbabwe: Continuity and Change in Development. 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Weiss, R., Zimbabwe and the New Elite. 1994Google Scholar
  53. National Statistical Ofce: Central Statistical Ofce, POB 8063, Causeway, Harare.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations