• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Portugal abandoned its former colony, with its largely Roman Catholic population, in 1975, when it was occupied by Indonesia and claimed as the province of Timor Timur. The UN did not recognize Indonesian sovereignty over the territory. An independence movement, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN), maintained a guerrilla resistance to the Indonesian government which resulted in large-scale casualties and alleged atrocities. On 24 July 1998 Indonesia announced a withdrawal of troops from Timor-Leste and an amnesty for some political prisoners, although no indication was given of how many of the estimated 12,000 troops and police would pull out. On 5 Aug. 1998 Indonesia and Portugal reached agreement on the outlines of an autonomy plan which would give the Timorese the right to self-government except in foreign affairs and defence.


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Futher Reading

  1. Dunn, James, East Timor: A Rough Passage to Independence. 2003Google Scholar
  2. Hainsworth, Paul and McCloskey, Stephen, (eds.) The East Timor Question: The Struggle for Independence from Indonesia. 2000Google Scholar
  3. Kohen, Arnold S., From the Place of the Dead: Bishop Belo and the Struggle for East Timor. 2000Google Scholar
  4. Kingsbury, Damien and Leach, Michael, (eds.) East Timor: Beyond Independence. 2007Google Scholar
  5. Nevins, Joseph, A Not-So-Distant Horror: Mass Violence in East Timor. 2005Google Scholar
  6. Robinson, Geoffrey, “If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die”: How Genocide Was Stopped in East Timor. 2009Google Scholar
  7. Tanter, Richard, Ball, Desmond and Van Klinken, Gerry, (eds.) Masters of Terror: Indonesia’s Military and Violence in East Timor. 2006Google Scholar
  8. National Statistical office: Direcção Nacional de Estatística, Rua de Caicoli, P. O. Box 10, Dili.Google Scholar
  9. Website: Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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