• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The origins of the Somali people can be traced back 2,000 years when they displaced an earlier Arabic people. They converted to Islam in the 10th century and were organized in loose Islamic states by the 19th century. The northern part of Somaliland was created a British protectorate in 1884. The southern part belonged to two local rulers who, in 1889, accepted Italian protection for their lands. The Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 was launched from Somaliland and in 1936 Somaliland was incorporated with Eritrea and Ethiopia to become Italian East Africa. In 1940 Italian forces invaded British Somaliland but in 1941 the British, with South African and Indian troops, recaptured this territory as well as occupying Italian Somaliland. Afer the Second World War British Somaliland reverted to its colonial status and ex-Italian Somaliland became the UN Trust Territory of Somaliland, administered by Italy.


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Further Reading

  1. Abdisalam, M. I.-S., The Collapse of the Somali State. 1995Google Scholar
  2. Ghalib, J. M., The Cost of Dictatorship: the Somali Experience. 1995Google Scholar
  3. Lewis, I. M., Blood and Bone: the Call of Kinship in Somali Society. 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Lewis, I. M., Understanding Somalia: a Guide to Culture, History and Social Institutions. 2nd ed. 1995.Google Scholar
  5. Lewis, I. M., A Modern History of the Somali: Nation and State in the Horn of Africa. 2002Google Scholar
  6. Omar, M. O., The Road to Zero: Somalia’s Self-Destruction. 1995Google Scholar
  7. Samatar, A. I. (ed.) The Somali Challenge: from Catastrophe to Renewal? 1994Google Scholar
  8. Woodward, Peter, The Horn of Africa: Politics and International Relations. 2002Google Scholar
  9. National Statistical Office: Central Statistical Department, State Planning Commission, Mogadishu.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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