• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Evidence of human habitation in Brazil dates to 9000 BC. Before the Portuguese discovery and occupation of Brazil there was a large indigenous population fragmented into smaller tribes. The largest was the Tupi-Guarani, which survived the sub-tropical environment by clearing land for crops.


Foreign Debt Labour Party Constitutional Amendment Emergency Power Minimum Monthly Wage 
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Further Reading

  1. Banco Central do Brasil: Boletim do Banco Central do Brasil (monthly). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística: Anuário Estatístico do Brasil.—Indicadores IBGE (monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Baer, W., The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 5th ed. 2001Google Scholar
  3. Eakin, Marshall C., Brazil: The Once and Future Country. 1997Google Scholar
  4. Falk, P. S. and Fleischer, D. V. , Brazil’s Economic and Political Future. 1988Google Scholar
  5. Fausto, Boris, A Concise History of Brazil. 1999Google Scholar
  6. Font, M. A., Coffee, Contention and Change in the Making of Modern Brazil. 1990Google Scholar
  7. Guimarães, R. P., Politics and Environment in Brazil: Ecopolitics of Development in the Third World. 1991Google Scholar
  8. Klein, Herbert, Brazil Since 1980. 2006Google Scholar
  9. Levine, Robert M., History of Brazil. 2003Google Scholar
  10. Love, Jospeh L. and Baer, Werner (eds.) Brazil Under Lula: Economy, Politics, and Society Under the Worker-President. 2009Google Scholar
  11. Montero, Alfred, Brazilian Politics: Reforming a Democratic State in a Changing World. 2006Google Scholar
  12. Rohter, Larry, Brazil on the Rise: The Story of a Country Transformed. 2010Google Scholar
  13. Stepan, A. (ed.) Democratizing Brazil: Problems of Transition and Consolidation. 1993Google Scholar
  14. For other more specialized titles see under CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT above.Google Scholar
  15. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Avenida Rio Branco 219, 22040–008 Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar
  16. National Statistical Office: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografa e Estatística (IBGE), Avenida Franklin Roosevelt 166, 20021–120 Rio de Janeiro, RJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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