• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Te oldest historical site in Austria is at the Gudenus caves in the Kremstal valley, where hunters’ stone implements and bones dating from the Paleolothic Age have been found. Te Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture prevailed from around 750–400 BC, covering the area north of the Alps, large parts of Slovakia, the north Balkans and Hungary. This area became renowned for its ceramics, ornamental Hallstatt burial grounds and the development of salt mining.


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Further Reading

  1. Austrian Central Statistical Office. Main publications: Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Republik Österreich. New Series from 1950. Annual.— Statistische Nachrichten. Monthly.—Beiträge zur österreichischen Statistik.—Statistik in Österreich 1918–1938. [Bibliography] 1985.— Veröfentlichungen des Österreichischen Statistischen Zentralamtes 1945–1985. [Bibliography] 1990.—Republik Österreich, 1945–1995.Google Scholar
  2. Bischof, Günter, Pelinka, Anton and Gehler, Michael, (eds.) Austria in the European Union. 2002.—Austrian Foreign Policy in Historical Context. 2005Google Scholar
  3. Brook-Shepherd, G., Te Austrians: a Tousand-Year Odyssey. 1997Google Scholar
  4. Bruckmüller, Ernst, Austrian Nation: Cultural Consciousness and SocioPolitical Processes. 2003 Google Scholar
  5. Pick, Hella, Guilty Victim: Austria from the Holocaust to Haider. 2000Google Scholar
  6. Steininger, Rolf, Austria in the Twentieth Century. 2002Google Scholar
  7. Wolfram, H. (ed.) Österreichische Geschichte. 10 vols. 1994Google Scholar
  8. National library: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Josefsplatz, 1015 Vienna.Google Scholar
  9. National Statistical Office: Austrian Central Statistical Office, Guglgasse 13, A-1110 Vienna.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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