• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Excavations near Kandahar in southern Afghanistan have revealed Neolithic settlements dating to 5000 BC. Later settlements indicate trade links with cities in the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia. Aryan tribes that settled in Afghanistan’s northern plains near Balkh (Bactria) from around 1500 BC gave way to successive Persian dynasties, including the Acaemanid Empire (550 BC–330 BC) ruled by Darius the Great from Persepolis after 515 BC.


Parliamentary Election Tribal Leader Neolithic Settlement Civilian Casualty Buddha Statue 
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Further Reading

  1. Amin, S. H., Law, Reform and Revolution in Afghanistan. 1991Google Scholar
  2. Arney, G., Afghanistan. 1990Google Scholar
  3. Edwards, David B., Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad. 2002Google Scholar
  4. Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan, A New History. 2001Google Scholar
  5. Goodson, Larry, Afghanistan’s Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban. 2001Google Scholar
  6. Grifths, John, Afghanistan: A History of Confict. 2001Google Scholar
  7. Hopkins, B. D., Te Making of Modern Afghanistan. 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hyman, A., Afghanistan under Soviet Domination, 1964–1991. 3rd ed. 1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Magnus, Ralph H. and Naby, Eden, Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx and Mujahid. Revised ed. 2002Google Scholar
  10. Maley, William, Te Afghanistan Wars. 2nd ed. 2009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Margolis, Eric, War at the Top of the World: Te Struggle for Afghanistan, Kashmir and Tibet. 2001Google Scholar
  12. Montgomery, John Dickey D. and Rondinelli, Dennis A., (eds.) Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience. 2004Google Scholar
  13. Nojumi, Neamatollah, Te Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan. 2001Google Scholar
  14. Roy, O., Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan. 2nd ed. 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rubin, B. R., Te Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System. 1995.—Te Search for Peace in Afghanistan: from Bufer State to Failed State. 1996Google Scholar
  16. Smith, Mary, Before the Taliban: Living with War, Hoping for Peace. 2002 Vogelsang, Willem, Te Afghans. 2002Google Scholar
  17. National Statistical Office: Central Statistics Office, Ansar-i-Watt, Kabul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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