• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was formed from those regions of Bokhara and Turkestan where the population consisted mainly of Tajiks. It was admitted as a constituent republic of the Soviet Union on 5 Dec. 1929. In Aug. 1990 the Tajik Supreme Soviet adopted a declaration of republican sovereignty and in Sept. 1991 Tajikistan declared independence. In Dec. 1991 the republic became a member of the CIS. After demonstrations and fighting, the Communist government was replaced by a Revolutionary Coalition Council on 7 May 1992. Following further demonstrations, President Nabiev was ousted on 7 Sept. Civil war broke out, and the government resigned on 10 Nov. On 30 Nov. it was announced that a CIS peacekeeping force would be sent to Tajikistan. A state of emergency was imposed in Jan. 1993. On 23 Dec. 1996 a ceasefire was signed. A further agreement on 8 March 1997 provided for the disarmament of the Islamic-led insurgents, the United Tajik Opposition, and their eventual integration into the regular armed forces. A peace agreement brokered by Iran and Russia was signed in Moscow on 27 June 1997 stipulating that the opposition should have 30% of ministerial posts in a Commission of National Reconciliation. President Rakhmon (formerly Rakhmonov), first elected in 1994, won a second term in 1999. The country’s first multi-party parliamentary election was held in Feb. 2000, although it was criticized by observers for failing to meet democratic standards.


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Further Reading

  1. Abdullaev, K. and Akbarzadeh, S., Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan. 2002Google Scholar
  2. Akiner, S., Tajikistan: Disintegration or Reconciliation? 2001Google Scholar
  3. Djalili, M. R. (ed.) Tajikistan: The Trials of Independence. 1998Google Scholar
  4. Jonson, Lena, Tajikistan in the New Central Asia: Geopolitics, Great Power Rivalry and Radical Islam. 2006Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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