• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 16th century, Spain imported large numbers of African slaves whose descendants now populate the country. The colony subsequently fell under French rule. In 1791 a slave uprising led to the 13-year-long Haitian Revolution. In 1801 Toussaint Louverture, one of the leaders of the revolution, succeeded in eradicating slavery. He proclaimed himself governor-general for life over the whole island. He was captured and sent to France, but Jean-Jacques Dessalines, one of his generals, led the final battle that defeated Napoleon’s forces. The newly-named Haiti declared its independence on 1 Jan. 1804, becoming the first independent black republic in the world. Ruled by a succession of self-appointed monarchs, Haiti became a republic in the mid-19th century. From 1915 to 1934 Haiti was under United States occupation.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Girard, Philippe, Paradise Lost: Haiti’s Tumultuous Journey from Pearl of the Caribbean to Third World Hotspot. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Heinl, Robert & Nancy, revised by Michael Heinl, Written in Blood. Univ. Press of America, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. 2nd ed. CUP, 1992Google Scholar
  4. Pierre, Hyppolite, Haiti, Rising Flames from Burning Ashes: Haiti the Phoenix. University Press of America, Lanham, Maryland, 2006Google Scholar
  5. Shamsie, Yasmine and Thompson, Andrew S., (eds.) Haiti: Hope for a Fragile State. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, Waterloo, Ontario, 2006Google Scholar
  6. Thomson, I., Bonjour Blanc: a Journey through Haiti. London, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Weinstein, B. and Segal, A., Haiti: the Failure of Politics. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  8. Wucker, Michele, Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola. Hill and Wang, New York, 2000Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations