Dominican Republic

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1492 Columbus discovered the island of Hispaniola, which he called La Isla Española, and which for a time was also known as Santo Domingo. The city of Santo Domingo, founded by his brother, Bartholomew, in 1496, is the oldest city in the Americas. The western third of the island—now the Republic of Haiti—was later occupied and colonized by the French, to whom the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo was also ceded in 1795. In 1808 the Dominican population routed the French at the battle of Palo Hincado. Eventually, with the aid of a British naval squadron, the French were forced to return the colony to Spanish rule, from which it declared its independence in 1821. It was invaded and held by the Haitians from 1822 to 1844, when the Dominican Republic was founded and a constitution adopted.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Black, J. K., The Dominican Republic: Politics and Development in an Unsovereign State. 1986Google Scholar
  2. Gregory, Steven, The Devil Behind the Mirror: Globalization and Politics in the Dominican Republic. 2006Google Scholar
  3. Hartlyn, Jonathan, The Struggle for Democratic Politics in the Dominican Republic. 1998Google Scholar
  4. Peguero, Valentina, The Militarization of Culture in the Dominican Republic, from the Captains General to General Trujillo. 2004Google Scholar
  5. Wucker, Michele, Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola. 2000Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Office: Oficina Nacional de Estadística, Av. México esq. Leopoldo Navarro, Edificio Oficinas Gubernamentales ‘Juan Pablo Duarte’ Pisos 8 y 9 Gazcue, Santo Domingo.Google Scholar
  7. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations