• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Archaeological evidence suggests the earliest settlements in Chile date from around 10,500 BC. A discovery at Monte Verde, near Puerto Montt in southern Chile, indicates that its inhabitants were hunter-gatherers in a temperate rainforest. They were probably the descendents of Paleo-Indians who crossed from Siberia by way of the Bering Strait (at various times a land bridge). Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the indigenous peoples included the Atacameno (living in small settlements in the northern deserts and influenced by the cultures of the central Andes, such as the Inca empires of Chincha and Quechua), the Araucanians (farmers in the more temperate valleys of central Chile) and the Chono (Alacaluf and Yahgan nomads from the mountainous southern areas).


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Further Reading

  1. Banco Central de Chile. Boletín Mensual. Google Scholar
  2. Bethell, L. (ed.) Chile since Independence. 1993Google Scholar
  3. Bizzarro, Salvatore, Historical Dictionary of Chile. 2005Google Scholar
  4. Collier, S. and Sater, W.F., A History of Chile, 1808–1994. 1996Google Scholar
  5. Hickman, J., News From the End of the Earth: A Portrait of Chile. 1998Google Scholar
  6. Hojman, D.E., Chile: the Political Economy of Development and Democracy in the 1990s. 1993.—(ed.) Change in the Chilean Countryside: from Pinochet to Aylwin and Beyond. 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Oppenheim, L. H., Politics in Chile: Democracy, Authoritarianism and the Search for Development. 1993Google Scholar
  8. Rector, John L., The History of Chile. 2006Google Scholar
  9. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE), Paseo Bulnes 418, Santiago.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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