• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


A bridge between Europe and Africa, the Iberian peninsula has absorbed influences from both regions. The original inhabitants were Iberians, who spoke a non Indo-European language, and Celtic peoples, who were mainly to the north and west of the peninsula. From the 8th century BC the Phoenicians established trading colonies such as Gades (Cádiz), importing metalworking skills, music and literacy in the form of a semi-syllabic script. The Greeks established a trading settlement in Catalonia named Empirion (now Ampurias) around 575 BC, and there is evidence of other Greek and Phoenician settlements along the Mediterranean coast.


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Further Reading

  1. Balfour, Sebastian, The Politics of Contemporary Spain. Routledge, London, 2004Google Scholar
  2. Barton, Simon, A History of Spain. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  3. Carr, Raymond, (ed.) Spain: A History. OUP, 2000Google Scholar
  4. Closa, Carlos and Heywood, Paul, Spain and the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  5. Conversi, D., The Basques, The Catalans and Spain. C. Hurst, London, 1997Google Scholar
  6. Günther, Richard, Democracy in Modern Spain. Yale Univ. Press, 2004Google Scholar
  7. Harrison, Joseph and Corkhill, David, Spain: A Modern European Economy. Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, 2004Google Scholar
  8. Hooper, John, The New Spaniards. 2nd ed. revised. Penguin, London, 2006Google Scholar
  9. Powell, C., Juan Carlos of Spain: Self-Made Monarch. London and New York, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Paseo de Recoletos, 20–22, 28071 Madrid.Google Scholar
  11. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Paseo de la Castellana, 183, Madrid.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009

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  • Barry Turner

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