• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 7th and 8th centuries Slavic peoples first settled on the forest covered plains between the Odra and Vistula rivers. Poland takes its name from the Polanie (‘plain dwellers’), whose ruler Mieszko I, first in line of the Piast dynasty, founded the Polish state in 966. Christianity came via Bohemia and Moravia to the Kraków region, and in 991 Mieszko I placed Poland under the Holy Roman See. His son and heir, Boleslaw I the Brave (ruled 992–1025) continued his father’s territorial expansionism until Poland’s boundaries were much as they are today. He established an independent Polish Catholic Church in the year 1000 and was officially crowned the first king of Poland in 1024 with the support of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III. The growing power of the church stimulated economic activity ranging from the manufacture of parchment and glass to building and painting.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Office, Rocznik Statystyczny. Annual.—Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland.Statistical Bulletin. Monthly.Google Scholar
  2. Chodakiewicz, Marek Jan, Poland’s Transformation: A Work in Progress. Transaction Publishers, Somerset, New Jersey, 2006Google Scholar
  3. Lukowski, Jerzy and Zawadzki, Hubert, A Concise History of Poland. CUP, 2001Google Scholar
  4. Mitchell, K.D.(ed.) Political Pluralism in Hungary and Poland: Perspectives on the Reforms. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Prazmowska, Anita J., History of Poland. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004Google Scholar
  6. Sikorski, R., The Polish House: An Intimate History of Poland. London, 1997; US title: Full Circle. New York, 1997Google Scholar
  7. Slay, B., The Polish Economy: Crisis, Reform and Transformation. Princeton Univ. Press, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Staar, R. F. (ed.) Transition to Democracy in Poland. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  9. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Central Europe Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  10. Wedel, J., The Unplanned Society: Poland During and After Communism. Columbia Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  11. National library: Biblioteka Narodowa, al. Niepodległości 213, 02–086 Warsaw.Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Central Statistical Office, Aleje Niepodległości 208, 00–925 Warsaw.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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