• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers of the New World arrived in Alaska from Asia about 15,000 years ago. From about 2000 BC the people of Ancient Mexico began to settle in villages and to cultivate maize and other crops. From about 1000 BC the chief tribes were the Olmec on the Gulf Coast, the Maya in the Yucatán peninsula and modern day Chiapas, the Zapotecs and Mixtecs in Oaxaca, the Tarascans in Michoacan and the Toltecs in central Mexico. One of the largest and most powerful cities in ancient Mexico was Teotihuacan, which in the 6th century AD was one of the six largest cities in the world. By the time the Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1519, the dominant people were the Mexica, more commonly known as the Aztecs, whose capital Tenochtitlan became Mexico City after the conquest.


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Further Reading

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Geografia e Informatica. Anuario Estadistico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Mexican Bulletin of Statistical Information. Quarterly.Google Scholar
  2. Aspe, P., Economic Transformation: the Mexican Way. Cambridge (MA), 1993Google Scholar
  3. Bartra, R., Agrarian Structure and Political Power in Mexico. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1993Google Scholar
  4. Bethell, L. (ed.) Mexico since Independence. CUP, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Camp, R. A., Politics in Mexico. 2nd ed. OUP, 1996Google Scholar
  6. Hamnett, Brian R., A Concise History of Mexico. CUP, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Krauze, E., Mexico, Biography of Power: A History of Modern Mexico, 1810–1996. London, 1997Google Scholar
  8. Levy, Daniel C, Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development. Univ. of California Press, 2006Google Scholar
  9. Mentinis, Mihalis, Zapatistas: The Chiapas Revolt and What it Means for Radical Politics. Pluto Press, London, 2006Google Scholar
  10. Philip, G. (ed.) The Presidency in Mexican Politics. London, 1991Google Scholar
  11. Randall, Laura, Changing Structure of Mexico: Political, Social and Economic Prospects. M. E. Sharpe, New York, 2005Google Scholar
  12. Rodriguez, J. E., The Evolution of the Mexican Political System. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  13. Ruiz, R. E., Triumphs and Tragedy: a History of the Mexican People. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  14. Snyder, Richard, Politics After Neoliberalism: Reregulation in Mexico. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006Google Scholar
  15. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Latin America Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  16. Whiting, V. R., The Political Economy of Foreign Investment in Mexico: Nationalism, Liberalism, Constraints on Choice. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  17. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Geografia e Informatica (INEGI), Aguascalientes.Google Scholar
  18. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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