• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Finland’s first inhabitants moved northwards at the end of the Ice Age. Further waves of settlement came in 4000 BC and 1000 BC and although the population was spread out, distinct social groups began to develop. During the Viking era Finland’s location on the trade route between Russia and Sweden brought prosperity and conflict in equal measure, with attacks frequently made on Finnish trading posts by the Swedes and the Danes.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland (from 1879).—Bulletin of Statistics (quarterly, from 1971).Google Scholar
  2. Constitution Act and Parliament Act of Finland. Helsinki, 1999Google Scholar
  3. Suomen valtiokalenteriFinlands statskalender (State Calendar of Finland). Helsinki. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Facts About Finland. Helsinki. Annual (Union Bank of Finland)Google Scholar
  5. Finland in Figures. Helsinki, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  6. Jussila, Osmo, Hentila, Seppo and Nevakivi, Jukka, From Grand Duchy to a Modern State: A Political History of Finland since 1809. Southern Illinois Univ. Press, Carbondale, 2000Google Scholar
  7. Kirby, D. G., A Concise History of Finland. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Klinge, M., A Brief History of Finland. Helsinki, 1987Google Scholar
  9. Lewis, Richard D., Finland, Cultural Lone Wolf. Intercultural Press, Boston, Massachusetts, 2004Google Scholar
  10. Pesonen, Pertti and Riihinen, Olavi, Dynamic Finland: The Political System and the Welfare State. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki, 2004Google Scholar
  11. Raunio, Tapio and Tiilikainen, Teija, Finland in the European Union. Routledge, London, 2003Google Scholar
  12. Singleton, F., A Short History of Finland. 2nd edition. CUP, 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Turner, Barry, (ed.) Scandinavia Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
  14. National Statistical Office: Statistics Finland, FIN-00022.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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