Fiji Islands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Fiji Islands were first recorded in detail by Capt. Bligh after the mutiny of the Bounty (1789). In the 19th century the demand for sandalwood attracted merchant ships. Deserters and shipwrecked men stayed. Tribal wars were bloody and widespread until Fiji was ceded to Britain on 10 Oct. 1874. Fiji gained independence on 10 Oct. 1970. It remained an independent state within the Commonwealth with a Governor-General appointed by the Queen until 1987. In the general election of 12 April 1987 a left-wing coalition came to power with the support of the Indian population who outnumbered the indigenous Fijians by 50% to 44%. However, it was overthrown in a military coup. A month later, Fiji declared itself a Republic and Fiji’s Commonwealth membership lapsed.


Prime Minister Military Coup Life Imprisonment Tourist Arrival Fiji Island 
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Further Reading

  1. Bureau of Statistics. Annual Report; Current Economic Statistics. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Reserve Bank of Fiji. Quarterly Review Google Scholar
  3. Belshaw, Cyril S., Under the Ivi Tree: Society and Economic Growth in Rural Fiji. Routledge, London, 2004Google Scholar
  4. Kelly, John D. and Kaplan, Martha, Represented Communities: Fiji and World Decolonization. University of Chicago Press, 2001Google Scholar
  5. Lal, B. J., Broken Waves: a History of the Fiji Islands in the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1992Google Scholar
  6. Robertson, Robert and Sutherland, William, Government by the Gun: Fiji and the 2000 Coup. Zed Books, London, 2002Google Scholar
  7. Sutherland, W., Beyond the Politics of Race: an Alternative History of Fiji to 1992. Australian National Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  8. National Statistical Office: Bureau of Statistics, POB 2221, Government Buildings, Suva.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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