Republican China, 1911–49

  • J. A. G. Roberts
Part of the Palgrave Essential Histories book series (EH)


On 10 October 1911, a date thereafter known as the ‘Double Tenth’, a mutiny headed by New Army officers broke out at Wuchang. They seized the city and obtained the support of the Hubei provincial assembly, which declared the province independent from the empire. By December all the provinces of central and southern China had followed suit. A republic was declared and Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yatsen) was invited to become provisional president. The Qing court appealed to Yuan Shikai, the most influential military commander in the north, to come to its support, but instead he decided to support the republic and to force the emperor to abdicate.


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© J. A. G. Roberts 1999

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  • J. A. G. Roberts

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