Elite Values and Attitudes Toward Democratisation

  • Shiu-hing Lo


To O’Donnell and Schmitter, the attitudes of political elites have a major impact on democratisation. The democratic opening is triggered by a split within ruling elites into ‘hardliners’, who ‘believe that the perpetuation of authoritarian rule is possible and desirable’, and ‘soft-liners’ who are aware that ‘the regime they helped to implant, and in which they usually occupy important positions, will have to make use … of some degree or some form of electoral legitimation’.1


Moral Responsibility Board Member Political Participation Political Elite Citizen Participation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 7.
    Quoted in Jane C. Y. Lee, ‘The Politics of Transition in Hong Kong: Elections and the Mobilisation Process, 1982–85’, unpublished PhD dissertation, Australian National University, April 1988, p. 145.Google Scholar
  2. 20.
    For the content of public sector reforms, see Jane C. Y. Lee and Anthony B. L. Cheung, eds., Public Sector Reform in Hong Kong: Key Concepts, Progress-to-Date and Future Directions (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lo Shiu-hing 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiu-hing Lo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hong KongChina

Personalised recommendations