Elite Values and Attitudes Toward Democratisation
To O’Donnell and Schmitter, the attitudes of political elites have a major impact on democratisation. The democratic opening is triggered by a split within ruling elites into ‘hardliners’, who ‘believe that the perpetuation of authoritarian rule is possible and desirable’, and ‘soft-liners’ who are aware that ‘the regime they helped to implant, and in which they usually occupy important positions, will have to make use … of some degree or some form of electoral legitimation’.1
KeywordsMoral Responsibility Board Member Political Participation Political Elite Citizen Participation
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- 7.Quoted in Jane C. Y. Lee, ‘The Politics of Transition in Hong Kong: Elections and the Mobilisation Process, 1982–85’, unpublished PhD dissertation, Australian National University, April 1988, p. 145.Google Scholar
- 20.For the content of public sector reforms, see Jane C. Y. Lee and Anthony B. L. Cheung, eds., Public Sector Reform in Hong Kong: Key Concepts, Progress-to-Date and Future Directions (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1995).Google Scholar