Hong Kong provides a useful case study that illuminates the phases, dynamics and processes of democratisation. In terms of the phases of democratisation, Hong Kong so far has followed a linear model, moving from the preparatory phase before 1984 into the background phase after the Sino-British agreement was reached in 1984. However, the decision phase has been postponed beyond 1997 by the Basic Law, which has become the instrument by which China controls the pace and scope of institutional reforms in Hong Kong.
KeywordsCivil Society Institutional Reform Citizen Participation Political Reform Special Administrative Region
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- 2.However, Hong Kong can politically influence South China, particularly Shenzhen. See Lo Shiu-hing, ‘Hong Kong’s Political Influence on South China: Cross-Border Citizen Participation and Its Impact on the Mainland’s Public Maladministration’, paper presented at an international conference, ‘Political Development in Taiwan and Hong Kong’, held at the University of Hong Kong, February 8–9, 1996.Google Scholar
- 8.Wan Hussin Zoohri, ‘Singapore in 1986: A Political and Social Overview’, in Southeast Asian Affairs 1987 (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1987), pp. 278–279.Google Scholar
- 9.Seah Chee Meow, ‘Parapolitical Institutions’, in Jon Quah, Chan Heng Chee and Seah Chee Meow, eds., Government and Politics of Singapore (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1987), pp. 176–188.Google Scholar
- 15.For details, see Jaushieh Joseph Wu, Taiwan’s Democratisation (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 39–41.Google Scholar
- 23.See, for example, Edward Friedman, ed., The Politics of Democratisation: Generalising East Asian Experiences (Boulder: Westview, 1994). Chapters in this book do not really analyse external factors that may influence democratisation in East Asia.Google Scholar