Hong Kong provides a useful case study that illuminates the phases, dynamics and processes of democratisation. In terms of the phases of democratisation, Hong Kong so far has followed a linear model, moving from the preparatory phase before 1984 into the background phase after the Sino-British agreement was reached in 1984. However, the decision phase has been postponed beyond 1997 by the Basic Law, which has become the instrument by which China controls the pace and scope of institutional reforms in Hong Kong.


Civil Society Institutional Reform Citizen Participation Political Reform Special Administrative Region 
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  1. 2.
    However, Hong Kong can politically influence South China, particularly Shenzhen. See Lo Shiu-hing, ‘Hong Kong’s Political Influence on South China: Cross-Border Citizen Participation and Its Impact on the Mainland’s Public Maladministration’, paper presented at an international conference, ‘Political Development in Taiwan and Hong Kong’, held at the University of Hong Kong, February 8–9, 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    Wan Hussin Zoohri, ‘Singapore in 1986: A Political and Social Overview’, in Southeast Asian Affairs 1987 (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1987), pp. 278–279.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Seah Chee Meow, ‘Parapolitical Institutions’, in Jon Quah, Chan Heng Chee and Seah Chee Meow, eds., Government and Politics of Singapore (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1987), pp. 176–188.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    See Robert E. Bedeski, The Transformation of South Korea: Reform and Reconstruction in the Sixth Republic under Roh Tae Woo 1987–1992 (London: Routledge, 1994), p. 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 14.
    See Victor D. Cha, ‘Politics and Democracy Under the Kim Young Sam Government’, Asian Survey, vol. 33, no. 9 (September 1993), pp. 849–863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 15.
    For details, see Jaushieh Joseph Wu, Taiwan’s Democratisation (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 39–41.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Moon Chung-in, ‘Democratisation, National Security Politics and Civil-Military Relations: Some Theoretical Issues and the South Korean Case’, Pacific Focus, vol. 4, no. 2 (Fall 1989), p. 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 23.
    See, for example, Edward Friedman, ed., The Politics of Democratisation: Generalising East Asian Experiences (Boulder: Westview, 1994). Chapters in this book do not really analyse external factors that may influence democratisation in East Asia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lo Shiu-hing 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiu-hing Lo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hong KongChina

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